Growing Perennials in Pots
Whether you’re gardening on a patio, balcony, or small deck, or you’re looking to mix in some attractively potted perennials to your garden, it is possible to grow perennials in pots. With a little bit of knowledge and effort, you can create a container garden of colorful perennials that will add life and beauty to your outdoor setting.
What is a perennial?
A perennial is a plant that lives for more than two years. Many perennials flower every year but in some cases, they may go dormant for shorter periods. Perennials are divided into two major categories, hardy and half hardy. Hardy perennials can survive frost and freezing temperatures, while half hardy ones need protection or removal from the garden when frost arrives.
Choosing the Right Pot
When selecting a pot for your perennial plants, choose one that’s large enough to provide growing space but not so large that it may become unwieldy. Choose a pot that has good drainage and can accommodate the plant’s roots. Clay pots are usually heavy and durable while plastic pots are lightweight and attractive.
To ensure you are growing healthy perennials in pots, it is important to prepare the soil correctly. Use a potting mix specifically designed for container plants. If you are growing multiple types of perennials, you can create a mix of potting soil, fertilizer, and compost for a richer blend that will provide adequate nutrition and moisture for the plants throughout the season.
Care and Maintenance
Once your perennials are planted in their containers, there are several things you can do to ensure they remain healthy and vibrant.
- Watering: Keep the soil consistently moist but not wet; water the plant whenever the top of the soil feels dry.
- Feeding: Fertilize your potted perennials every few weeks with a liquid or water-soluble fertilizer to provide the essential nutrients for plant growth.
- Pruning: Prune your perennials to maintain desirable shape and size and to remove any damaged or diseased stems.
- Winterizing: Depending on your climate, you may need to protect your potted perennials from the cold. If you live in a cold winter climate, bring the containers inside or to an area where they will be protected from the elements.
With the correct care and a bit of knowledge, you can grow and enjoy a variety of attractive perennials in pot containers.